Alice Herdan-Zuckmayer (1901–1991) was born in Vienna, where she spent her childhood. After living for some time in Berlin as an actress, she married the writer Carl Zuckmayer in 1925. When Hitler came to power in 1933, her studies in medicine were interrupted and she and her husband were forced to flee Germany. They went first to Austria, then, five years later, they again had to flee for their lives, taking separate routes to a reunion in Switzerland. In 1939 they immigrated with their two daughters to America.