Varlam Shalamov

Varlam Shalamov (1907–1982) attended Moscow State University, where he joined a group of Trotskyites, and in 1929 was arrested and sentenced to three years of hard labor at a camp north of the Ural Mountains. After his release, he returned to Moscow and worked as a journalist, while also writing poetry and short stories. In 1937, Shalamov was arrested again and spent the next seventeen years in the labor camps of the Kolyma River basin, a period that he would describe in Kolyma Stories.