Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi (1207–1273) was a Sufi mystic and native Farsi speaker born to Iranian parents in or near Balkh, a town in present-day Afghanistan. He wrote over 65,000 verses of poetry, composing his !nal poems on his deathbed. His major works are the Masnavi, a six-volume collection of mystical teachings written in rhyming couplets, and the Divan e Shams e Tabrizi, a collection of lyric poetry dedicated to his spiritual mentor and beloved friend.