Multatuli (1820–1887), born Eduard Douwes Dekker in Amsterdam, was one of the Netherlands’ greatest writers. He traveled to the Dutch East Indies in 1838 and had a number of government jobs until resigning from his position as the assistant commissioner of Lebak, Java, in 1856. Upon returning to Europe, he became renowned for his novel Max Havelaar, first published in 1860, which was based on his time in the Dutch East Indies.