Ivo Andrić (1892–1975) was born in Travnik, Bosnia, to Roman Catholic parents and grew up alongside Orthodox Christians and Muslims. A founding member of the first Yugoslav youth organization in Bosnia, he was imprisoned in 1914 for his involvement in the Young Bosnia independence movement. He served in the Yugoslav diplomatic service until 1941, when he returned definitively to Belgrade. His first work appeared in 1914 and he published six volumes of short stories and five novels, as well as verse, essays, and reflective prose. In 1961 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.