Helmuth James von Moltke

In 1935, after turning down an opportunity to become a judge because the job would require him to join the Nazi Party, Helmuth James von Moltke (1907–1945) began a practice of his own in Berlin that helped Jews and other persecuted peoples emigrate from Germany. In 1939, von Moltke was drafted into the German counterintelligence service. He witnessed many German human rights abuses and soon became a leader of those opposed to the Nazi Party. In 1944, von Moltke was arrested by the Gestapo for his anti-Nazi sentiments, sentenced to death, and executed in January 1945.