Euripides (c.484-c.406 BC) was born into a probably prominent family from northern Attica. Starting in 455 BC, he competed in twenty-two of the annual Athenian dramatic competitions and won the first prize five times; today eighteen of the ninety-some plays he is believed to have written survive. Ridiculed in the comedies of his contemporary Aristophanes, Euripides left Athens late in life for the court of King Archelaus of Macedonia. Otherwise almost nothing is known of the life of the writer whom Aristotle called “the most tragic of “tragedians.”
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