Driss Chraïbi (1926–2007) was born in Mazagan (now el-Jadida), Morocco. He attended Koranic school and then studied at the French lycée after his family moved to Casablanca. When Chraïbi was nineteen, he moved to Paris to study chemical engineering and neuropsychiatry, but stopped his studies just before receiving his doctorate. He then worked odd jobs while traveling throughout Europe and Israel, before settling in France with his first wife, Catherine Birckel, and their children. Chraïbi began writing for the National Radio and Television Broadcasting System, and in 1954 published his first novel, The Simple Past. He taught literature at the University of Laval-Quebec in Canada for a year before returning to France in 1971, where he remained for the rest of his life. He wrote several other works, including Les Boucs (The Butts), L’Âne (The Donkey), and La Foule (The Crowd). He died in the village of Crest, where he had lived for many years, and was buried in the Cimetière des Chouhada in Casablanca.