Arthur Rimbaud

Arthur Rimbaud (1854–1891), born in the small French town of Charleville, was a poet and literary prodigy. By the age of thirteen, he had already won several prizes for his writing and was adept at composing verse in Latin. His teacher and mentor was Georges Izambard, and he famously had a torrid affair with the poet Paul Verlaine. He wrote all of his poetry in the span of five years, between the ages of sixteen and twenty-one. He spent the final twenty years of his life struggling to find financial success, working abroad and taking jobs in African towns as a colonial tradesman. He died of cancer at the age of thirty-seven, and Verlaine published his complete works in 1895.