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The Crisis of the European Mind

The Crisis of the European Mind


by Paul Hazard, introduction by Anthony Grafton, translated from the French by J. Lewis May

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Paul Hazard’s magisterial, widely influential, and beloved intellectual history offers an unforgettable account of the birth of the modern European mind in all its dynamic, inquiring, and uncertain glory. Beginning his story in the latter half of the seventeenth century, while also looking back to the Renaissance and forward to the future, Hazard traces the process by which new developments in the sciences, arts, philosophy, and philology came to undermine the stable foundations of the classical world, with its commitment to tradition, stability, proportion, and settled usage. Hazard shows how travelers’ tales and archaeological investigation widened European awareness and acceptance of cultural difference; how the radical rationalism of Spinoza and Richard Simon’s new historical exegesis of the Bible called into question the revealed truths of religion; how the Huguenot Pierre Bayle’s critical dictionary of ideas paved the way for Voltaire and the Enlightenment, even as the empiricism of Locke encouraged a new attention to sensory experience that led to Rousseau and romanticism. Hazard’s range of knowledge is vast, and whether the subject is operas, excavations, or scientific experiments his brilliant style and powers of description bring to life the thinkers who thought up the modern world.

The Crisis of the European Mind is the NYRB Classics Book Club selection for April 2013.Paul Hazard, introduction by Anthony Grafton, translated from the French by J. Lewis May

Additional Book Information

Series: NYRB Classics
ISBN: 9781590176191
Pages: 480
Publication Date:


Hazard's thesis, according to present-day historians of ideas, has largely withstood the test of time. His enthusiasm, his wonderful erudition, his gift for synthesis, the focus on all of Europe rather than on France alone, the powerful yet elegant style of the book—all contribute to the air of general persuasiveness it exudes.

—H. Floris Cohen

Hazard presented arguments with clarity and passion.
—Justin Champion, The Times (London)

Hazard displays a profound, and contagious, sympathy for the intellectual movement he describes.
History Workshop Journal

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