V. S. Naipaul was born in Trinidad in 1932 and emigrated to England in 1950, when he won a scholarship to University College, Oxford. He is the author of many novels, including A House for Mr. Biswas
, A Bend in the River
, and In a Free State
, which won the Booker Prize. He has also written several nonfiction works based on his travels, including India: A Million Mutinies Now
and Beyond Belief: Islamic Excursions Among the Converted Peoples
. He was knighted in 1990 and in 1993 was the first recipient of the David Cohen British Literature Prize.